# A sample of carbon-14 initially consists of 5 10 24 particles. Carbon-14 has a half-life of 5730 years. a. What is the decay constant for carbon-14?

A sample of carbon-14 initially consists of 5 × 1024 particles. Carbon-14 has a half-life of 5730 years.

a. What is the decay constant for carbon-14? (Answer in units of yr-1.) (2 points)

b. How many radioactive particles of the sample remain after 100 years? (2 points)

c. What percentage of the radioactive particles remains after 500 years? (2 points)

d. How many radioactive particles of the sample remain after 1000 years? (2 points)

e. How much time will it take for 50% of the particles to decay? (2 points)

f. How much time will it take for 99% of the particles to decay? (2 points)

g. How many half-lives will it take for 99% of the sample to decay? (1 point)

h. What is the initial decay rate of the sample? (Answer in decays/yr.) (2 points)

i. After 200 years, what is the decay rate of the sample? (2 points)

j. How long will it take for the decay rate to decrease to 1015 decays/year? (2 points)

k. How many half-lives have passed after the time you found in part (j)? (1 point)

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